Wildlife Shrubs & Deciduous Trees

Red Maple

Red Maple (Acer rubrum L.) is a wide-ranging native tree that is very well adapted to most soil and site conditions, including the wet conditions of Koochiching County.

Northern Red Oak

Northern red oak is a member of the red oak subgroup (subg. Erythrobalanus = sect.Lobatae). It provides good cover and nesting sites (including cavities) for a wide variety of birds and mammals. Deer, elk, moose, and rabbits commonly browse leaves and young  seedlings and the acorns are eaten by a wide variety of large and small mammals and birds.

Common Chokecherry

Chokecherry, or Prunus virginiana L., is used extensively in shelter belts, windbreaks, wildlife habitat and mass plantings for erosion control. Chokecherry does well in riparian area planting.

Red Splendor Crabapple

Malus ‘Red Splendor’ is a deciduous tree that grows 20 to 30 feet in height. The habit is upright with a more or less open, round, spreading, symmetrical canopy with a regular (or smooth) outline.

Redosier Dogwood

Redosier Dogwood (Cornus sericea L.) is a woody deciduous shrub generally 1.4-6m (4.6-20 ft) tall. It grows in soils that are saturated for at least a portion of the growing season.

Bur Oak

A member of the Beech Family (Fagaceae), bur oak is a medium-sized to large tree, typically grows from 70 to 80 feet in height but can grow to 100 feet or more on better sites, with a massive trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter and a broad, rounded crown of stout branches (Dirr 1998; Fowles 1965).

Villosa Lilac

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris L.) is easily grown on most soil types but prefers neutral to slightly acid soil. This species does not tolerate poorly drained soils. It performs best in a warm sunny position.

Serviceberry (Juneberry)

Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) grows in a variety of habitats – swampy lowlands, dry woods, sandy bluffs, rocky ridges, forest edges, and open woodlands and fields.

American Plum

American Plum (Prunus americana Marsh.) is a deciduous large shrub or small tree with a broad crown, reaching heights up to 15 feet. Plant in well-drained soil.


Norway (Red) Pine

Norway (Red) Pine (Pinus resinosa) is a medium sized tree, up to twenty-five meters high and seventy-five centimeters in diameter (Farar 1995). Red pine occurs most often on well drained, dry, highly acid, sandy soils of outwash plains, and gravelly ridges (Barnes & Wagner 1981).

White Pine

White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) is the largest conifer of the eastern and upper Midwest forests, reaching 150 feet in height and up to 40 inches in diameter. Eastern white pine grows on a variety of soils ranging from light, sandy to heavy textured soils.

White Spruce

White Spruce (Picea glauca) grows to 25 (-50) meters tall, the crown broadly conic to spire-like, or the plants sometimes shrub-like near treeline.  Because of its wide geographic range and abundance, it is (de facto) highly significant for food and cover of many wildlife species, for soil stability, watershed value, and recreation.

White Cedar

Northern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis L.) is a shrub or tree growing to 15 (-38) meters tall, the crown narrowly conic to broadly pyramidal, with spreading, densely crowded branches. It commonly grows in cool, moist, nutrient-rich sites, on mostly calcareous soils that are neutral or nearly so.


Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a native tree growing to 20 meters tall, strongly self-pruning, with a straight, slender trunk and narrow crown. Tamarack grows in boreal forests in wet, poorly drained sphagnum bogs and muskegs, also on moist upland mineral soils, the drier sites in the northern part of its range, at elevations of 0-1200 meters. Because it can withstand high soil moisture, high acidity, and low soil temperature, it is more abundant on peatlands than trees characteristic of surrounding uplands.



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Right Start Fertilizer

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